POLLINATION

Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anther, the male part of the flower, to the female part. Once there, the pollen germinates allowing fertilization to occur. This results in the production of seeds, fruits and vegetables.

Plants have developed different strategies to transfer pollen from one place to another. Wind pollination is used by cereals, grasses and some trees. Animal pollination is performed mainly by insects.

The main agricultural pollinators, by far, are honey bees.

 
 

THE CHALLENGES

AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION
CHALLENGE
According to the UN, the world population will be over 9 billion by 2050, and agricultural production must grow by 70% in order to avoid food scarcity.
FOOD DEPENDENCY
ON POLLINATION
About 75% of the world’s crops rely on animal pollination.
POLLINATORS ARE
DISAPPEARING

Natural pollinators have declined in numbers and diversity; 75% fewer flying insects exist compared to 25 years ago, 30% of insect species are in danger of extinction

 Managed bees are facing Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD).
BEE POLLINATIONS HAVE NATURAL CONSTRAINTS
Honey bees can only work in optimal weather conditions: t+15C, no rain, daylight; attractiveness of the crop relative to the competing flora.
SYNCHRONIZED BLOOM FOR CROSS POLLINATION
Plant cross pollination requires more than one variety planted and treated in an orchard; bloom desynchronization results in lower yields.
INEFFICIENT USAGE OF
AGRI REAL ESTATE
The financial return of pollinizer cultivar in deciduous is lower in comparison with main cultivar, 11%-50% of the land is interplanted with low return cultivars.