Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anther, the male part of the flower, to the female part. Once there, the pollen germinates allowing fertilization to occur. This results in the production of seeds, fruits and vegetables.
Plants have developed different strategies to transfer pollen from one place to another. Wind pollination is used by cereals, grasses and some trees. Animal pollination is performed mainly by insects.
The main agricultural pollinators, by far, are honey bees.
According to the UN, the world population will be over 9 billion by 2050, and agricultural production must grow by 70% in order to avoid food scarcity.
About 75% of the world’s crops rely on animal pollination.
Natural pollinators have declined in numbers and diversity; 75% fewer flying insects exist compared to 25 years ago, 30% of insect species are in danger of extinction